Kremlin” means “fortress inside a city”, and it’s what the Kremlin is: a fortified complex at the very heart of Russia’s capital. The Kremlin dates back to 1156 and was the seat of the tsars and other ruling elite. Today the complex is a maze of alluring cathedrals, imposing palaces and museums, and the presidential seat of Russia, all harking back to an age ago.
Cathedral Square is the converging point of three splendid churches: the Assumption Cathedral with its five intimidating golden domes – which was were new tsars were crowned, the Cathedral of Annunciation, the Cathedral of the Archangel – with extravagant ornate decorations and flower shapes and the burial grounds for Russia’s greatest rulers.
The deservedly named Tsar Cannon facing the Kremlin State is the biggest cannon in the world. But that’s not where the accolades end: it’s an inspiring work of art with a roaring lion detail and a stark reminder of the all-or-nothing wars of yesterday centuries.
Still, the most disarming sight is the one atop the 81m high Ivan the Great Bell Tower. At the foot of the tower is the Tsar Bell, whose proportions are off the charts – at 7m long and weighing over 200, 000 kg, making it the world’s largest. The story goes that after its architect learned of its fracture, he died of grief. Luckily, the bell remains an absolute delight to behold.